Why did Outer Mongolia become independent?New China twice proposed to withdraw, but Chiang kai-shek gave up

2022-05-31 0 By

What happened to Outer Mongolia, which had been part of our territory long before the founding of the People’s Republic, that it finally became independent?And our leaders have twice proposed to withdraw, but because of what Chiang Kai-shek did so reluctantly give up?At the end of the Qing Dynasty, the Government of the Qing Dynasty was caught in a situation of internal and external difficulties. At that time, the army of the Qing Government was backward in weapons and could not resist the invasion of European and American powers.When the country is in turmoil, the border area forces are empty, and the surrounding countries of Tsaria Russia are covetous for our territory, not only to the northeast region, but also to outer Mongolia.The Wuchang Uprising in 1911, when revolutionaries overthrew the Qing government, the provinces heeded the call to declare independence, and Outer Mongolia was no exception.However, what is unexpected is that, unlike other provinces, Outer Mongolia really wants to establish an independent state, so when provinces actively carry out political activities to save the country, outer Mongolia did not participate.In this regard, Our country caused attention, once planned to send troops into outer Mongolia, but was opposed by Tsarist Russia, after all, Tsarist Russia also wanted to annex this precious land.Unfortunately, the domestic situation was turbulent at that time, yuan Shikai had no time for his own interests, but simply declared that Outer Mongolia was still our territory.Faced with the declaration, The Russians withdrew, and outer Mongolia changed from an independent state to an autonomous one.Wuchang uprising is just because of this, outer Mongolia was independent?As a matter of fact, as early as the signing of the Treaty between Russia and Russia, Outer Mongolia was under the rule of Tsarist Russia.But with the fall of Tsarist Russia, outer Mongolia was temporarily ownerless and plunged into constant struggle.At this time, the nobles in outer Mongolia wanted to have the right to rule by themselves like the Qing Dynasty, but with the collapse of The Russian Revolution in October, the White Russian army launched a strong attack, Mongolia was unable to protect itself, so they begged the Beiyang government for protection and wanted to return to the embrace of the motherland.In the face of the initiative of the return of outer Mongolia, the Beiyang government was very happy, immediately sent Xu Shuzheng into outer Mongolia to expel the invasion of foreign legion.Xu Shuzheng returned triumphantly and recovered outer Mongolia, the lost frontier area.Unfortunately, the return of outer Mongolia did not last long!Xu Shuzheng in 1920 after the civil war began Xu Shuzheng had to return to the interior, at this time the outer Mongolia border empty troops, White Russian baron Roman.Feng Enqin took advantage of the situation and led the Cossack cavalry regiment to invade China’s outer Mongolia area. With the support of the Japanese forces behind, he formed a “platter army” and occupied outer Mongolia and became the emperor of outer Mongolia.Seeing that outer Mongolia which they had lost and recovered was invaded by other countries again, the Beiyang government felt very uncomfortable and ordered Zhang Zuolin to send troops to expel the Manchus and recover outer Mongolia.But unexpectedly, Zhang Zuolin wanted to enter the pass, expand their own forces chassis, do not want to go to outer Mongolia and Enqin fighting, for the recovery of outer Mongolia so shelved.Zhang Zuolin and Enqin’s violent rule in Outer Mongolia made the people of outer Mongolia live in dire straits. Due to the assistance of Soviet Russia, they moved towards the pro-Soviet road.At this time, China was trapped inside and outside, and began wave after wave of Anti-Japanese War. It was unable to deal with the issue of outer Mongolia at all.For a while outer Mongolia was under Soviet control, but that did not mean it had become independent.It was not until February 1945, after the Emergence of the Yalta Agreement, that Outer Mongolia fully declared its independence!The Yalta Agreement was entirely driven by europeans’ own interests. In order to win over the Soviet Union, a military power, to fight against Japan and to reduce their own losses to a certain extent, they ignored the fact that it was Chinese territory and agreed to the unreasonable demands of the Soviet Union at the expense of China’s interests.Moreover, the Yalta Agreement was an irrational request of the Soviet Union agreed by the United States on behalf of China. It was not until June 1945 that Chiang Kai-shek learned the news and found himself betrayed by the United States, his ally.So why did the United States, Chiang kai-shek’s longtime partner, sell China out with the Yalta Agreement?In fact, the reason is very simple, that is Chiang Kai-shek at the beginning of the war, the United States had to ask the Soviet Union to send troops.To know Chiang had high hopes by the United States, a large number of military support, unexpectedly during the second world war, Chiang kai-shek led troops would appear and xiang-gui rout of the battle, the battle was the kuomintang army lost more than half of its soldiers, have lost their own tube in most cities, forces from big damage and loss of confidence and strength of resistance.It was this debacle that caused the United States to become disillusioned with Chiang Kai-shek, leading to the Subsequent Yalta Agreement.After the Battle of Henan, Hunan and Guangxi in 1944, Chiang Kai-shek sent people to the Soviet Union. Chiang Ching-kuo asked: The Anti-Japanese War is to recover territory. Now that Japan is almost defeated, why do you want to give up Outer Mongolia?In response to Chiang Ching-kuo’s doubts, Stalin said that Since China was unable to expel Japan from China and needed assistance from the Soviet Union, it must accept the Soviet Union’s demands.For this reason, Chiang had to compromise, but he accepted the independence of outer Mongolia on the premise that he could gain benefits from it.After all, the Yalta Agreement did not explicitly declare independence for Outer Mongolia, but Chiang kai-shek did, which is puzzling.In fact, What Chiang Kai-shek did was to get the Soviet Union to fully support him and give material aid to China, but not to aid other parties.Since then, Outer Mongolia has become an independent country, and China has lost its sovereignty.However, after Chiang Kai-shek lost the civil war, he thought that the Soviet Union broke the agreement and did not want to recognize the independence of Outer Mongolia, but the die was cast and could not be changed.Before the founding of The People’s Republic of China in 1949, China’s leaders proposed to the Soviet Union to allow Outer Mongolia to return to China in consideration of territorial integrity, but were rejected.Later, When Chinese leaders visited Stalin abroad for the first time, they made a proposal again. However, in order to contain China, the Soviet Union recognized the independence of Outer Mongolia as a precondition for signing the Sino-Soviet Terms treaty, which made China compromise.China was in desperate need of Soviet aid, and there was nothing we could do about it, despite our anger.Stalin eventually secured the formal independence of Outer Mongolia, which became present-day Mongolia.Although Chiang Kai-shek played a part in it and was the last one to sign to recognize independence, there is no denying that the root cause of outer Mongolia’s independence was caused by the hardships of modern China.Finally, I would like to ask you a question. Who do you think is responsible for the independence of Outer Mongolia?Feel free to leave a comment below, and I’ll be talking to you in the comments section. See you next time!