World War II Japanese occupation of Guangdong, how hateful beast?Hospital nurses were dragged away and guangzhou’s population halved

2022-06-12 0 By

In 1937, Japan launched a full-scale invasion of China.Guangdong army main division to the north, to help Shanghai battlefield.After the fall of Shanghai, the Yue army was ordered to retreat to Nanjing.When Chiang Kai-shek fled to the west and Nanjing became an isolated city, the 66th and 83rd armies of the Guangdong army clung to Nanjing and lived and died together with the capital.On December 12, the Japanese army entered the city of Nanjing.Luo Cequn, acting division commander of the 159 Division of the 66 Army of Guangdong, shouted: “Follow me, don’t be a loser!”He then led the charge and died in glory at the fork of purple Mountain road.In 1938, the Japanese attacked Wuhan, Guangdong sent four divisions to the north to support.This time, however, the Target of Japanese aggression was not only Wuhan, but Also Guangzhou, and even the entire Guangdong province.Guangdong soldiers bloodied huning, Han and Guangdong three cities and four places, is worthy of the national hero.But the withdrawal of troops has left Guangdong empty.On October 12, The Japanese army landed in Daya Bay, and the Anti-Japanese War in Guangdong began.On the 21st, Guangzhou was captured.The following June, Shantou fell.During the War of Resistance against Japanese aggression, nearly 70 percent of guangdong province’s land fell to the Japanese aggressors.It is an indelible painful memory of the Guangdong people that the Japanese aggressors burned, killed and looted here.In order to prevent China from importing Anti-Japanese War materials by sea, the Japanese aggressors completely blocked the coastline.Fortunately, Macao and Hong Kong at that time were colonies of a third country and were not subject to blockade.As a result, Guangzhou, adjacent to Hong Kong and Macao, became a transshipment center for Anti-Japanese War materials.The military supplies donated by overseas Chinese are continuously imported into China from all parts of South Asia via Guangzhou, and Guangdong’s strategic position is particularly important.In order to cut off China from the outside world, the Japanese army carried out a merciless and indiscriminate bombing of the important cities of Guangdong.From August 1937 to the end of 1941, a total of 19,281 sorties and 18,991 people were bombed by Japanese aircraft in Guangdong province.Among them guangzhou suffered the most tragic bombing.Japanese bombing targets to schools, homes, shops, hospitals, the dead and injured are civilians.For example, on May 28, 1938, the Japanese army sent 71 planes to bomb the populated districts of Guangzhou in three ways, dropping more than 150 shells and blowing up more than 200 civilian houses, killing 600 people and injuring nearly 1,000.On The 29th, The Central News Agency of Hong Kong reported the tragic situation of Guangzhou city, and issued an editorial with grief and indignation: “Hong Kong newspapers said this morning that the indiscriminate bombing of Guangzhou by Japanese planes was the most barbaric behavior of Japan after the war.”Since then, the Japanese stepped up the pace of aggression, intensified the killing of the people.They flew dozens of planes a day, leaving a trail of blood and dead bodies.In the past, busy streets were reduced to ashes, and residents were buried in caves of fire.One wave of bombing usually ends, followed by another, without giving civilians any breathing room to recover their bodies.In today’s Guangzhou City Huanghua road, there is a high seven meters of stone, carved above the “blood and tears shed Huanghua” five clerical characters.More than 80 years ago, it was bombed twice by Japanese invaders, which razed the village to the ground and killed more than 100 people.The pond was stained red with blood.In order to mourn the victims, so that later generations to remember the history, the surviving villagers of Wong Wah Tong spontaneously set up this tablet.June 4, 1938, the Japanese aggressors sent 61 aircraft, the city of Guangzhou even bombed for several days.Within a week, more than 5,000 people had been killed or wounded.In October, Japanese troops landed in Daya Bay and guangzhou was about to fall.Before sending troops to take Guangzhou, the Japanese invaders launched a final and most violent round of bombardment of the city, razing most of the north of the Haizhuqiao river and the 13th Line to the ground.Today’s Haizhu Square and cultural Park is built on the ruins of those years.The first thing the Japanese army did when they entered the city was to slaughter the people.In 1937, Guangzhou had a population of more than 1.2 million.In 1943, there were only 643,000.In six years, it lost nearly half its population.On October 22, 1938, the Japanese invaders mopped up guangzhou city along the streets.Japanese soldiers in front, armored vehicles behind, kill anyone they see.Citizens rushed to flee, slow down two steps will die under the gun.The Japanese aggressors killed hundreds of people in the city that day, and then built a lot of sentries at the intersection of the city. Every day, innocent people passing by were shot.In Huangpu Wenshan, there are several ancient forts left from the late Qing Dynasty.After the fall of Guangzhou, the Japanese military police will battery inside a hundred meters long, three meters deep wide ditch as the slaughter of guangzhou people’s execution ground.This ditch is now designated as the site of the “Whampoa Niushan Mass Grave”, a historical witness of Japanese crimes.The Japanese military police established their headquarters on the present-day Uprising Road and their headquarters at Whampoa Port to suppress the anti-Japanese and patriotic movement. They often arrested people on charges of “whampoa” and took them to interrogation rooms where they were skinned, beaten, gnawed, pinned to their limbs and lit sky lanterns…All kinds of abuse.Wait for them to be tortured out of shape, and then loaded on military vehicles to Niu Shan fortress.At that time, a large number of citizens were tortured by the Japanese military police every day, and the sound of torture and screams were heard in the nearby streets.When they arrived at the execution ground, the Japanese forced the people to kneel beside the pit, took out their sabers and hacked them one by one, while the bodies were kicked to the bottom of the pit.Sometimes the Japanese killed too many people, corpses piled up in the tunnels, can only catch the Chinese to work.Finally, they also killed the Chinese who buried the bodies of their compatriots.After the fall of Guangzhou, Shantou took the war of resistance against Japan materials import transfer station.In June 1939, the Japanese army attacked Shantou in a large scale, and the defenders of shantou were isolated. After several days of resistance, they fell on the 21st.After the war, the Japanese aggressors shantou also carried out the inhuman sanguang policy, wherever he went, corpses everywhere, rivers of blood.On July 16, more than 700 people were killed in a single day, known as shantou Massacre.Shantou Chaoyang Haimen town used to be a fine fishing port, before the fall of the population of 50,000, to the Japanese surrender after only 18,000 people.The Japanese army not only killed people, but also raped women.The Japanese army searched for young women from door to door in the city, captured them, imprisoned them and raped them in the “sergeant service station.”In addition, they often broke into people’s homes to drive out men, rape women, and kill those who resisted.There is a small north road farmers, because of the desperate to stop the rape of his wife, the whole family was killed.In November 1939, the Japanese aggressors sent more than 2,000 women imprisoned in Huang Deguang Hospital in Guangzhou, including nurses and their families, to form the so-called “comfort corps” and sent them to various places to serve as military brothels.These poor women never made it back alive.Some national scum to collect money, and even collude with the Japanese aggressors opened a large number of cafes, gambling stalls.Brothels, known as “flower beds”, were spread throughout Haizhounan, Xiaobei, Wei Xin and Da Nan, offering sexual pleasure to junior officers and han men.Under the cruel rule of the Japanese aggressors, Guangdong suffered from depression, gambling and drug abuse, and the prosperous provincial capital had become a hell on earth.On December 26, 1941, Hong Kong fell.Eighteen days of fighting resulted in many houses being blown up.After the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong, the population was too large to manage, so the Hong Kong people who had lost their homes were driven out of the city.A large number of Hong Kong refugees went up the Pearl River and drifted north by land and water to guangzhou city.Most of them were held in a few concrete buildings in Nanshi, Henan province, guangzhou.Ostensibly a refugee camp, it’s actually a living lab.Among the Japanese army in South China, there was a bacterial unit code-named 8604, stationed in the present Sun Yat-sen Medical University, specializing in plague and salmonella.Between February and May 1942, this unit dropped pathogens such as fleas and rats on refugees.The spread of infectious diseases in the population, refugees died, the Japanese aggressors are sitting experimental data.During the years of Japanese occupation, at least 20,000 refugees died of infectious diseases caused by unit 8604.The mortuary workers who survived saw the pool filled with bodies, which took months to complete.Twice between the 1950s and 1980s, construction workers dug up the remains of refugees near sites where The Japanese carried out experiments on human bacteria.The Japanese aggressors carried out live experiments in Guangdong crimes have no place to hide.On August 15, 1945, Japan surrendered and ordered Japanese troops deployed throughout China to stand by to accept the surrender.On September 9, Chinese troops arrived in Guangzhou, and the people of the occupied areas of Guangdong regained their lives.After The surrender of Japan, the Japanese war criminals have been brought to justice, south China’s top general Tanaka Kuichi was sentenced to death.Kuichi Tanaka’s death date was set for March 27, 1947.On that day, the Japanese who were in charge of the war criminals’ camp fell to the ground and did not dare to speak when they saw the Korean military police coming to pick up the prisoners.The demons of old were afraid now.Gendarmerie will tanaka kuichi summoned out of the camp, on the truck, slowly drove to the execution ground.The streets were filled with guangzhou citizens, and Kuichi Tanaka was paraded through the streets.At three o ‘clock in the afternoon, the truck arrived at liuhua Bridge execution ground in the midst of a chorus of curses.Under the command of the gendarmerie chief, the gendarmerie took Mr. Tanaka to an open field and dropped him to his knees.The execution begins.After a gunshot, Kuichi Tanaka fell to the ground, his body slightly twitched.The bullet had gone through the chest from the back and missed.While Yoichi Tanaka was dying, the gendarmerie moved forward with a gun and shot him in the back.That wasn’t all. The gendarmes, afraid he wasn’t dead, kicked him over with their feet and shot him again in the heart.In the process, Kuichi Tanaka took three bullets before he was executed.After three shots, standing in the distance of the crowd of onlookers sounded a burst of thunderous applause, smell all thumbs up big shout.They had followed them all the way from downtown to the execution place, just to see for themselves how the great devil had been killed, and to think that the gendarmes had arranged this surprise for them.But everyone who lived through that time wanted to cut him to pieces. No one wanted him to die too easily.As the top general of the Japanese army in South China, Tanaka Kuichi almost commanded the large and small invasion campaigns in Guangdong Province, and the order to slaughter the people was also through his hand.The Cantonese people hated his guts.Eight years of suffering by the Japanese aggressors can not be his death to repay?2. “The Density of The Japanese bombing of Guangzhou is only second to Chongqing”, Huang Dantong, Zhong Ming