Here comes the science popularization knowledge of qinling Mountains

2022-06-14 0 By

From March 14 to March 20 is the ninth Publicity Week of Qinling Ecological environment protection in Xi ‘an. In order to firmly establish the concept that green mountains are gold and silver mountains, promote the construction of ecological civilization, further mobilize everyone to participate in the ecological environment protection of Qinling mountains, and improve the enthusiasm, initiative and consciousness of people to cherish resources and protect the environment,Publicity and popularization of the relevant knowledge of ecological and environmental protection of the Qinling Mountains!So why protect the Qinling Mountains?What rare animals are preserved in the Qinling Mountains?Let’s take a look.The Qinling Mountains, a huge east-west mountain range that stretches across central China, divide the country’s physical geography into north and south and mark the watershed between the Yangtze and Yellow rivers.The diverse climate and geographical environment have created a rich “biological gene bank”, which is also a huge treasure for exploring the connection between man and nature.Great Qinling is China’s “central air conditioning” great Qinling block air flow operation, so that China’s north and south show a significant difference.In summer, the Great Qinling mountains make it difficult for moist ocean currents to penetrate the northwest, drying the climate to the north.In winter, the Great Qinling Mountains block the southward invasion of cold waves from the north and reduce the intensity of cold air invasion in the south.As a result, the Great Qinling Mountains have become the boundary between subtropical zone and warm temperate zone, and the “central air conditioner” of China.The Great Qinling Mountains are the “central reservoir” of China.The ecological significance of China’s Great Qinling mountains lies not only in water distribution, but also in water conservation and supply.The Great Qinling mountains can inject water into the Yellow River and Yangtze River at the same time.People call the sanjiangyuan region the “Water tower of China” and believe that the Great Qinling Mountains are the “central reservoir”.In addition to the Huaihe River, the “two rivers, four rivers and four reservoirs” are the centralized representative of the “central reservoir” of the Qinling Mountains.The Great Qinling Mountains are the central gene bank of China. The Great Qinling Mountains are the paradise of free carnival of all living things, and the biodiversity is extremely rich.The Great Qinling mountains cover subtropics, warm temperate zone, temperate zone, cold temperate zone and subcold zone.Plants from subtropical to cold zone are distributed in the Qinling Mountains.In the southern part of the Great Qinling Mountains, there are deciduous broadleaved and evergreen mixed forest, deciduous broadleaved forest, coniferous broadleaved mixed forest from bottom to top.Deciduous oak forest belt, birch forest belt, coniferous forest belt and alpine shrub meadow belt in the north of daqinling Mountains.Data show that the Great Qinling Mountains are the intersection area of various flora of qinghai-Tibet Plateau, southwest, central and North China, as well as the intersection area of paleocaprotic and Oriental fauna, with extremely significant ecological location advantages.The Great Qinling Mountains is one of the key areas of biodiversity with global conservation significance.Daqinling mountain is the central oxygen bar and the breathing of people is closely related to the breathing of the forest.People breathe in oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide;Forest breathing is complementary to human breathing, taking in carbon dioxide and exhaling oxygen.In the mountains and forests, where the trees are lush, the forests convert the carbon in the carbon dioxide into biomass and release oxygen at the same time, so the concentration of oxygen is relatively high.The greatest resource of the Qinling mountains is the ability of photosynthesis, and the most popular and characteristic “mountain goods” is the “high-quality air” needed by people, which is also the so-called “big oxygen bar”.There are many mountains in China, but the Qinling mountains are the most special. Qinling mountains have beautiful natural landscape, rich ecological resources and numerous cultural relics.It is not only a veritable backyard garden of Xi ‘an, but also a natural habitat for all kinds of wild animals and plants. We should not only protect the ecological environment of the Qinling Mountains, but also protect all kinds of wild animal resources.Let’s look at the relevant knowledge of qinling wild animals and plants!There are 16 species of wild animals under state key protection in Shaanxi Province, including golden monkey, giant panda, clouded leopard, leopard and tiger, takings, crested ibis, red-crowned crane, forest musk deer, etc.There are 65 species of wild animals under secondary state protection, including macaques, jackals, black bears, red pandas, stone martens and spotted pelicans.There are 52 species of wild animals listed as key protected in Shaanxi province, including wolves, red foxes, herons, thrushes and red-billed leiothioids.Plant 1600 kilometers of qinling, two great plant area in east Asia – China – Japan forest plant subregion “and” China – Himalayan forest plant subregion of coastal area, and qinling is the boundary between the north and south plant in our country, this plant species diversity, formed a unique fusion of landscape plant species and blending.There are numerous plant species in The Qinling Mountains. 3846 species of seed plants belong to 164 families and 1055 genera.326 species of mosses, belonging to 136 genera and 44 families;There are 296 species of ferns, belonging to 72 genera and 25 families.The number of families, genera and species of angiosperms in Qinling mountains accounts for 57%, 34.4% and 14% of the national total, respectively.There are four kinds of wild plants under state class I protection in Qinling mountains: Herba solanum, Huashan New Wheatgrass, Davidia involucrata and Yew.16 species of national Class ⅱ protected plants;Local key protected wild plants: non orchidaceae 95 species, orchidaceae 95 species.The Qinling Mountains are also rich in medicinal materials.A variety of “Taibai seven medicines” named after “seven” are famous representatives, which have been used as anti-cancer drugs for a long time.In addition, there are dangshen, eucommia, forsythia, ghost lamp qing, salvia miltiorrhiza, polygonum multifolium, chicken sagittaria and other rare Chinese medicinal materials.There are also abundant resources in Qinling for ornamental plants and garden cultivation, such as iris, Rose, diaspore, maple tree, etc.The Qinling mountains are one of the important ecological safety barriers in China, so we should protect them consistently and effectively. Let us jointly establish the awareness of environmental protection in the Qinling Mountains, learn the relevant knowledge of the Qinling Mountains, participate in the volunteer service for the protection of the Qinling mountains, and be the propagandist, protector and supervisor of the ecological environment protection in the Qinling Mountains.Source: Xinhua